Ecologist Job Description: who is Ecologist and what does it do?

Ecologists focus on the relationships of organisms within the environment. We will discuss Ecologist Job Description, Who Is Ecologist What Does Ecologist Do? Given the wide scope of ecology, there are several subdisciplines on which the ecologist can focus, since all living things (plants, animals, microbes) depend on each other and on a healthy environment. This profession has become especially relevant in the modern world.

Ecologist Job Description: Who Is Ecologist And What Does It Do?

Ecologist Job Description

An environmental chemist or environmental technician are all varieties of the same profession, especially in demand today. Environmental problems have become an integral part of our lives, which is why the need for an increase in the number of specialists in this category has grown.

In accordance with the description of the profession, ecologists should have at least a bachelor’s degree in biology or related fields (e.g. environmental science or zoology).

The job description of the ecologist will depend on what he specializes in. For example, some specialize in restoring unhealthy ecosystems. There are aquatic ecologists who study the relationships of organisms in various aquatic environments.

All the duties of a person in this profession related to ecology are clearly spelled out. The demand for this specialty is due to the poor environmental situation not only in our country, but throughout the world. After all, a person systematically destroys entire species of plants and animals, and causes irreparable harm to nature.

The main responsibilities of the ecologist are not limited to the list provided below.

  1. Conducting field studies to maintain and develop agricultural production with a neutral or positive impact on the quality of the environment of pasture agroecosystems.
  2. Calibration and use of tools for studying environmental processes and mechanisms for responding to adaptive management, seasonal weather variability, extreme events, and predicted climate variability.
  3. Providing the necessary support to the research team through data collection, research and monitoring using highly specialized and sophisticated equipment, mainly related to water balance.
  4. The study of the relationship between human activities and the state of the environment.
  5. Conducting research to assess the harm done.
  6. Writing technical reports detailing the methods used, interpretation of the results.

Depending on the position, duties may vary.

For example, an environmental technician must introduce special technologies into production designed to ensure non-waste or low-waste production. In turn, the environmental chemist monitors the processes that lead to a change in the state of the environment, determines the source of pollution.

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Ecologist Career Pros and cons

Ecologist Career Pros And Cons

The described profession has advantages and disadvantages. From the pros, the following points can be distinguished:

  • positive impact on the environment;
  • demand;
  • you can get settled without experience;
  • good salary;
  • the possibility of employment abroad.


  • sometimes you have to work in extreme conditions;
  • health hazard when working with chemicals.

What does Ecologist do?

What Does Ecologist Do?

Responsibilities at the enterprise are reduced to tracking the environmental impact of the company. Environmentalists work both stationary and constantly traveling to conduct research. Ecologists, as well as representatives of other professions, have their own job description , which makes the employee responsible for the consequences of his shortcomings.

The work consists in providing timely and truthful information about the state of the environment, in obtaining the necessary data, conducting research activities, and providing consulting services.

Environmentalists work in a variety of public and private institutions , and can occupy a variety of positions – from a technical worker in the laboratory to an environmental policy consultant. The public sector provides great opportunities for the conservation and improvement of natural sites, advising on legislation.

Private sector sectors in which environmentalists work (usually as freelance consultants) include:

  • mining and oil;
  • food production;
  • waste collection and disposal;
  • water use and water supply;
  • civil engineering (construction of roads and infrastructure);
  • tourism.

With each year, the popularity of advisory services that help private companies to comply with the law is increasing.

Environmental NGOs also work with environmentalists. Some of them own and manage nature reserves, others run awareness-raising campaigns on environmental issues .

Environmentalists may work in research departments of universities and organizationsfunded by the state. Such employees usually complete graduate school and additionally give lectures, as well as conduct their own research.

Finally, some environmentalists work in the media industry as journalists, authors of books on environmental issues, editors of scientific journals, or public relations officers . This industry is particularly competitive, and candidates often require a journalistic degree in addition to their academic qualifications.

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Ecologist Job Requirements

Ecologist Job Requirements

Most environmentalists are scientists with experience in chemistry, ecology, geology, biology, climatology, statistics, and in many cases economics. The depth of knowledge in each area determines the scope in which the specialist works.

A master’s degree in science or ecology in and of itself is becoming increasingly common as a minimum requirement for job seekers in a high-paying position.

All novice environmentalists should gain experience in the field. A good ecologist must clearly know his responsibilities and fulfill the tasks assigned to him.

Responsibilities of Ecologist

Responsibilities Of Ecologist

Responsibilities may include:

  • classification of fauna and flora;
  • monitoring of air, water and soil quality;
  • conducting field research using various specialized methods, including geographic information systems (GIS) and satellite imagery;
  • analysis of collected data using industry standard technologies;
  • preparation of written reports;
  • providing advice on how the natural habitat can be affected by construction, agricultural or mining plans (environmental impact assessment);
  • providing scientific evidence in favor of new legislation;
  • campaigns to protect endangered species of animals and plants;
  • management of natural sites (reserves, parks, botanical gardens) and legally protected sites (national parks and territories of exceptional natural beauty);
  • liaising with other scholars, politicians and the press;
  • educate the general public on the importance of ecosystem conservation.

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Personal qualities of Ecologists

The qualities that are common to most environmentalists in the world are creative nature and the ability to solve problems in the shortest possible time. An ecologist must possess personality traits such as:

  • passion for nature;
  • interest in field work;
  • Analytical mind;
  • computer literacy;
  • learning ability;
  • curiosity;
  • excellent oral and written communication skills;
  • accuracy and attention to detail;
  • initiative;
  • patience;
  • ability to adapt to difficult conditions.

Skills and knowledge of Ecologist

An ecologist needs to know a lot and be able to, for example:

  • know modern environmental legislation, regulations and standards;
  • have knowledge in such fields as chemistry, biology, zoology, physics;
  • understand the natural processes of nature;
  • have taxonomic knowledge;
  • know the procedure in accordance with which the environmental impact assessment is carried out;
  • Be familiar with the features of monitoring and computer modeling;
  • constantly improve, get acquainted with the experience of foreign ecologists;
  • be able to draw up the necessary documentation, fill out reports;
  • speak one or several foreign languages.

A deep love of the environment is one of the desirable qualities in a person who claims to be an ecologist. On a trial period, the ecologist provides his services to the organization for a small fee. In the process of its work, the management evaluates the information received, the research being conducted, and then makes its decision on the level of qualification of the employee. Then a decision is made regarding the level of wages.

Many state and federal agencies hire environmental technicians to collect data from urban landfills or even from the bottom of a lake or ocean. A novice ecologist often specializes in maintaining cleanliness in a specified area, research on the interaction of man and nature.

After many years of working outdoors, the employee is promoted . As part of his duties, there may be a large object, for example, a whole forest or a reservoir. One of the main duties of an ecologist is the ability to monitor animals, note changes in their behavior, and collect research materials.

Education for Ecologist Career

To become an ecologist, you will need to learn a lot. To enter a university, you need to take such exam items as biology, chemistry . You can start training from college. You can go there after grade 9. The course studies many subjects, including ecology, chemistry, botany . Already in the process of his activity, the ecologist takes advanced training courses.

average salary

In the past, environmentalists conducted field research, collected data, and prepared reports. All of their work was under control, many of them were involved in specific tasks. Most of the time I had to spend in the office, so much work was paid low. On average, environmentalists in US received up to $60,000 yearly. Today the situation has changed. The need for qualified personnel has increased, and with it, wages.

In the staff of a large company, an ecologist can receive up to $100,000 yearly , and sometimes even more – it all depends on the specific area in which the employee is engaged.

ecologist career

 Ecologist Career

To work as an environmentalist in a public institution, you will need at least a bachelor’s degree in one of the following disciplines:

  • “Ecology”;
  • “Earth science”;
  • “Botany”;
  • “Marine science”;
  • “Biology”;
  • “Environmental Management”;
  • “Geography”.

Small companies are arranged by environmentalists without experience. You can increase the prospect of employment if postgraduate education. For employment, you must have a driver’s license, because you often have to travel to an area that is inaccessible to public transport. The applicant should be prepared to spend a lot of time working away from home, as field work involves constant travel.

The place of work will depend on specialization: a person can work at sea on a ship, in the desert, in the mountains, in the city, and so on. Often you have to be in harsh conditions, so the applicant needs to be healthy and hardy.

Extensive experience is an advantage in the race for high-paying jobs and invaluable opportunities.

You can always join one of the many local and national organizations that are involved in environmental protection. You can create your own consulting department with other freelance ecologists or your company, and lead a team of scientists.

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